Climate Change Response Act

On February 15, 2023, the President announced the amendment to revise the Greenhouse Gas Management Act as the Climate Change Response Act, which includes 7 chapters and 63 articles. In response to climate change, the Climate Change Response Act was established to form strategies to reduce and manage greenhouse gas emissions, strengthen intergenerational justice, environmental justice, and a just transition, so that responsibilities of global environmental protection are shared, and the nation’s sustainable development is ensured.


In view of the global trend towards net-zero emissions that has gradually taken shape in recent years, the government will consult widely to identify the future sustainable development methods most appropriate for Taiwan, while turning the challenges of carbon reduction into new opportunities for industry investment and job creation and finding new directions for Taiwan's sustainable development. The key elements of the amendment are incorporating the 2050 net-zero emissions target, establishing authority and responsibility among agencies, adding the section of just transition, strengthening emissions control and incentive mechanisms to enable emissions reduction, introducing carbon fee with dedicated usage of revenues, adding a chapter on climate change adaptation, incorporating carbon footprint and product labelling management scheme, as well as improving information transparency and citizen participation mechanisms.


The government shall ensure the sustainable utilization of the nation's resources, maintain balanced energy supply and demand, mitigate, and respond to the impacts of climate change, and place equal emphasis on environmental protection, economic development, social justice, interests of the indigenous peoples, intergenerational equity, and support of vulnerable groups. All levels of government shall encourage technological innovation research and development, enhance financial mechanisms, spur economic momentum, allow healthy competition, promote low-carbon green growth, create employment opportunities, and boost national competitiveness.


In order to respond to the impact of climate change, the government shall uphold the following legal and policy principles. The Climate Change Response Act contains 7 chapters and 63 articles, including: Chapter 1 General Principles (7 articles), Chapter 2 Authority and Responsibility of Government Agencies (9 articles), Chapter 3 Climate Change Adaptation (4 articles), Chapter 4 Emission Reduction Measures (21 articles), Chapter 5 Education and Grants (5 articles), Chapter 6 Penalty Provisions (13 articles), and Chapter 7 Supplementary Provisions (4 articles).

 

Adaptation implementation is based on the Climate Change Response Act including :

  • Chapter 3 Climate Change Adaptation. (Article 17)
    In response to climate change, the Government shall promote adaptation capacity building as follows :
    • By science-based, examine existing data, estimate possible climate change in the future, and scientifically evaluate related risks, thereby strengthening risk management and adaptability to climate change.
    • Enhance climate change resilience by reinforcing adaptation capacities related to the environment, disaster response, facilities and energy resources.
    • Ensure that climate change adaptation measures correspond with national sustainable development goals.
    • Establish climate change governance and coordination mechanisms between all levels of government to consolidate regional adaptation capacities, integrating cross-sectoral and multi-level tasks.
    • Implement green financial mechanisms and promotion measures in response to the need for climate change adaptation.
    • Promote industries emerging under climate change; assist and encourage the development of technologies for climate change adaptation; research, develop and promote products and business opportunities derived from climate change adaptation.
    • Foster climate change adaptation education, cultivate talent, raise civic awareness and promote activities relevant thereto.
    • Strengthen the capacity of vulnerable groups to respond to climate change impacts.
    • Integrate comprehensive, indigenous, and community-based climate change adaptation policies and measures.
    • Other matters related to capacity building for climate change adaptation.
    • All citizens, entities and organizations shall dedicate themselves to building climate change adaptation capacities mentioned in the preceding paragraphs.
  • Chapter 3 Climate Change Adaptation. (Article 18)
    The central competent authority and the central science and technology competent authority shall: advance climate change science and conduct research and development related to adaptation to climate change impacts; research, analyze and ascertain climate change trends in cooperation with meteorological agencies; organize and summarize climate change science, scenarios and impact studies and periodically publicize scientific reports on climate change
     
    The central competent authority and the central science and technology competent authority shall assist governments at all levels to carry out climate change risk assessments according to the scientific reports mentioned in the previous paragraph, as the basis to develop and implement adaptation programs and strategies and plan an early warning system and systematic monitoring.
     

    The operational guidelines for climate change risk assessment referred to in the preceding paragraph shall be determined by the central competent authority in consultation with relevant agencies.

  • Chapter 3 Climate Change Adaptation. (Article 19)
    The central industry competent authorities shall formulate and revise the Adaptation Action Programs for particular sectors (“Adaptation Action Program”), in accordance with corresponding sectors vulnerable to climate change impacts. The Action Programs should be four years in each sector (“Adaption Action Program”). The authority should set up new climate adaption goals according to Article 5(3), Article 6 and Article 17.
     
    The central industry competent authority shall establish the foregoing Adaptation Action Programs and Adaptation goals. The central industry competent authority shall invite relevant central and local agencies, scholars, experts, and non-governmental organizations to participate through public hearing processes to review the Sectoral Adaptation Action Programs and submit them to the central competent authority.
     
    The central competent agency shall integrate the first Adaptation Action Programs and establish a national Climate Change Adaptation Action Plan (“National Adaptation Plan”), which shall be implemented and open to the public after receiving approval from the Executive Yuan.
     

    Pursuant to the first paragraph, the central industry competent authorities shall submit an annual report on the implementation of the Adaptation Action Program to the central competent authority. After approval by the Executive Yuan, it shall be made available to the public.

  • Chapter 3 Climate Change Adaptation. (Article 20)
    In accordance with the Action Guidelines, National Adaptation Plan and Adaptation Action Program, special municipality, county and city competent authorities shall invite relevant local government agencies, scholars, experts, and non-governmental organizations to hold workshops, or widely gather opinions in other formats, to determine the content of Climate Change Adaptation Implementation Programs (“Adaptation Implementation Program”). The said programs will be submitted to the special municipality, county and city climate change response steering groups, and after receiving approval from the central competent authority along with relevant central industry competent authorities, be made available to the public and implemented.
     

    Special municipality, county and city competent authorities shall deliver annual reports on the Adaptation Implementation Program to their respective climate change response steering groups and make the reports available to the public.

 

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